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The Domain Name System (DNS) is a decentralized, hierarchical naming system used to identify computers, services, and other resources available over the Internet or other Internet Protocol (IP) networks. Resource records in DNS associate domain names with other types of information. These are most often used to map friendly domain names to numeric IP addresses, which requires computers to locate services and devices using underlying network protocols, but also to perform many other tasks. extended over time. The domain name system has been an essential component of Internet functionality since 1985.
An analogy often used to explain the domain name system is that it acts like a telephone directory for the Internet by translating computer hostnames into IP addresses. For example, the domain name www.example.com translates to addresses 22.214.171.124 (IPv4) and 2606:2800:220:1:248:1893:25c8:1946 (IPv6). DNS can be updated quickly and transparently, allowing a service’s location on the network to change without affecting end users who are still using the same hostname. Users benefit when they use uniform resource locators (URLs) and email addresses without knowing how the computer actually locates services.
An important and ubiquitous function of DNS is its central role in distributed Internet services such as cloud services and content delivery networks. When a user accesses a distributed Internet service using a URL, the domain name of the URL is translated to the IP address of the following. A server adjacent to the user. The main feature of DNS used here is that different users can receive different translations for the same domain name, a major departure from the traditional phonebook view of DNS. This process of using DNS to assign nearby servers to users is key to providing faster and more reliable responses on the Internet and is widely used by most major Internet services.
The DNS refers to the administrative responsibility structure on the Internet. Each sub-domain is an area of administrative autonomy assigned to an administrator. For regions managed by the registry, administrative information is often supplemented by the registry’s RDAP and WHOIS services. This data can be used to better understand and trace the responsibility of a given host on the Internet.
Configure Secure DNS in Google Chrome
To get started in Google Chrome, load the browser’s security page by pasting the following URL into the browser’s address bar: chrome://settings/security. If you prefer to access it manually, select Menu > Settings > Privacy & security > Security. The “Use secure DNS” preference determines whether the feature is enabled or disabled. If it’s off, move it to turn it on. You have two main options at this point:
- Configure Chrome to use the system’s default DNS provider
- Select one of the default secure DNS providers or configure a custom provider.
The first option only works if the default DNS provider supports secure DNS. Many ISPs don’t, and it’s usually better to choose a specific DNS provider from Chrome’s list of supported providers or add a custom provider. Select the “With” option and choose one of the predefined providers, OpenDNS, CleanBrowsing, Cloudflare, Google, or NextDNS, or select custom to add a custom provider via URL (these are provided by the provider).
Configure secure DNS in Microsoft Edge
Secure DNS settings in Microsoft Edge use a similar system. Load edge://settings/privacy directly into the browser address bar or manually go to Menu > Settings > Privacy, search and services. The “Use secure DNS to specify how to find the network address of websites” preference determines whether secure DNS is enabled. If disabled, toggle it to enable. Edge uses the current service provider, i.e. the DNS provider configured by default on the system. Proceed to “Choose a service provider” and click on the field below to choose a predefined provider or add a custom provider using a specific URL.
Configure Secure DNS in Brave Browser
Brave mostly follows Chromium’s default implementation of secure DNS. Load brave://settings/security into the browser’s address bar to get started, or select Menu > Settings > Privacy & Security manually instead to open the settings page.
The “Use secure DNS” setting determines whether secure DNS is enabled in the browser. By default, the system service provider is used. You can switch to “With” to select one of the predefined providers or to define a custom provider. Brave supports Quad9 alongside Chrome’s default selection of supported providers.
Configure Secure DNS in Opera
Opera Browser also supports secure DNS, called DNS over HTTPS. Directly load opera://settings/?search=dns or go to Opera Menu > Settings > Advanced > Browser and scroll down to the System preference group. The “Use DNS over HTTPS instead of system DNS settings” preference determines whether secure DNS is enabled. Otherwise, toggle the preference to get a selection of providers and an option to set a custom provider. Opera only lists the various Cloudflare and Google Public DNS options.
Configure Secure DNS in Vivaldi
Vivaldi follows the Chromium implementation. It’s a bit odd that you can’t find the option when browsing through the normal settings or looking for it in the settings. You need to load chrome://settings/security in the browser to show the option. There you will find the option to toggle “Use secure DNS” to enable or disable the feature and switch between using the system provider, a predefined provider or a custom provider. Like Brave, Vivaldi supports Quad9 as well as all other providers.
Configure DNS over HTTPS in Firefox
Firefox also supports DNS over HTTPS. Browser users should load about:preferences#general in the address bar and enable the Settings button under Network Settings on the page that opens. The “Enable DNS over HTTPS” setting determines whether the feature is enabled or not. Check the box to enable it. Firefox only includes two predefined providers, Cloudflare and NextDNS, but you also have the option of defining a custom provider.
Final Words: How to Enable DNS Over HTTPS
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